Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) is a form of radiation therapy that uses a targeted beam of radiation to treat tumors, other brain abnormalities, and other body parts. Unlike traditional invasive surgery and radiation therapy, the SRS method aims to deliver high doses of radiation to specific affected areas. This method of radiation is highly effective because it spares the surrounding tissues and only kills the infected tissues in the targeted area.
This procedure aims to destroy the affected cells or tumors while minimizing the damage caused to healthy tissue. It is achieved through advanced imaging technologies like CT, and MRI scans to locate the tumor and guide the radiation beam to the targeted area.
It is used to treat conditions like:
– Both benign and malignant brain tumor
– Spinal tumor
– Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) or abnormal blood vessels in the brain
– Painful conditions that affect the trigeminal nerve
Effects of Stereotactic Radiosurgery
The effects of Stereotactic Radiosurgery are very straightforward and evident. However, like other procedures, this, too, has certain side effects. The side effects of SRS can vary depending on the tumor’s location or abnormality being treated, as well as other factors such as the patient’s age and overall health. However, some common side effects include:
– Fatigue: Once the procedure is done, many patients experience fatigue that can last for several weeks
– Headache: Some patients experience headaches after SRS, which can be managed with medication.
– Nausea: It is a common side effect of Stereotactic Radiosurgery, which can also be managed with medication
– Hair loss: Some patients may experience temporary hair loss at the radiation site.
– Brian swelling: In some cases, where the treatment procedures are performed for longer hours, patients experience brain swelling, but it can be managed with medications.
It’s important to note that the side effects of SRS are typically temporary and subside within a few weeks or months.
Benefits of SRS
One of the main benefits of SRS is its precision. By delivering a high radiation dose to a specific area, SRS can effectively treat the tumor or abnormality while minimizing damage to surrounding healthy tissue. This is particularly important for tumors or abnormalities that are located in sensitive areas of the brain or spine.
The procedure has lower risks when compared to traditional invasive surgery methods. For example, SRS does not carry the risk of infection or bleeding associated with traditional surgery. It is also a good option for patients whose body does not support traditional surgical methods.
Stereotactic Radiosurgery is a highly precise and effective form of radiation therapy that can treat various conditions, including brain tumors, spinal tumors, AVMs, and trigeminal neuralgia. It offers many benefits over traditional surgery, with a lower risk of complications.